Category Archives: Festivals

Hungry Ghost Festival & Shopping for the Dead

Offering in Ghost Festival

The annual big party is around the corner, but it’s not for human. The Hungry Ghost Festival of Chinese this year falls on 9 Aug (14 Jul of Chinese’s Lunar Calendar), the time when the gate of hell opens and ghosts visit our world, and the festival lasts for a month. It’s not a Halloween type of occasion. Chinese takes this event seriously and celebrations will be held to pay homage to the ghosts.

graveyard
Confucius says, “respect ghosts and gods, but stay away from them”, this reflects how Chinese deals with the spiritual world. Though Chinese are afraid of ghosts, they worships and appease them, hoping that they will leave human alone and even bring good luck.

buring incense
Do you believe that ghost exists? I have heard many say, “I will never believe there is ghost until I see one!” Many of them are devout followers of a religion, so I wonder if they actually see god so they become a believer. No offense.

funeral
I think fear of death is the reason why many people want a religion, because every religion offers an answer after death, such as afterlife, heaven and immortality. And some wish ghost is real, which means they still can “live” on in another form after they die. What do you think?

graves
Personally, I haven’t seen any ghost (and never want to), but seems like every offices that I work at are haunted. I’m used to work late and being the only one in the office at night. Sometimes I heard strange voice or noise clearly. Usually I just ignore them and try not to think too much. There was one night I heard someone walking behind my seat, I turned around a few times and saw nothing, but the footsteps getting closer each time. That was really eerie.

burning paper money

The Don’t

During Ghost Month, many ghosts will be lingering around us. The following is an “advisory” for us not to do something inauspicious (Note: only work for those who believe).

  1. Don’t joke about ghost and don’t mention them. If we have to, we refer them as “Good Brother.”
  2. Don’t step on the offering (incense, candle, paper money, food, etc.) on the street and graves. However, PTIs (illegal immigrants) feast on these leftover food without problem. Probably they are ghost too, i.e. Phantom Voters.
  3. Reduce night-time activity. I have a friend who has “3rd-eye” that can see Good Brothers. One night, she was walking back home during ghost festival, she saw the street near her house turned into a very busy Pasar Malam (Night Market). “That’s weird. This place is not used to be a night market,” she was wondering, then she saw those people have no feet…
  4. Swimming is a big NO-No. Something in the water would drag you…
  5. Our deceased family members would ride on insect such as moth and beetle to visit our house. Don’t slap it with slippers because it might be our great grandmother. (hope they don’t choose cicada as it’ll be a bumpy ride…)
  6. Don’t play Ouija board to interact with “another side.” It’s very dangerous and you will risk yourselves being possessed.
  7. Don’t disguise as ghost to scare someone, because you will see (or make) the real one. It’s not funny whatsoever.
  8. If you see or hear anything unusual or unexplainable, just pretend you aren’t aware of it.

offering

Shopping for the Dead

As there will be many hungry ghosts wandering, to show respect, some believers will burn paper money for them. Out of curiosity, I checked out a local shop that sells paper money and other “paper” stuffs. I was really impressed by the variety of the items. Chinese believes the dead is having the similar lifestyle in another world, at least its their hope…

paper money
Pic: paper money, the most common offering

paper gold bars
Pic: paper gold bars

paper smartphone and tablet
Pic: iPad? I’m glad that Steve Jobs still carries on with his product development in another world.

paper shoes
Pic: paper shoes

paper blouse
Pic: blouse for lady

paper batik
Pic: paper batik for Malaysians.

paper wallet

paper handbag

paper accessories

paper toiletries

paper SK-III
Pic: to make a female ghost pretty…

paper mahjong
Pic: heaven doesn’t ban gambling, alcohol and cigarette I think..

paper wine

paper cigarette

paper toy
Pic: paper toy for children

paper bike
Pic: paper bike

paper car
Pic: paper car. Note driver included.

paper passport
Pic: passport and credit card

paper air ticket
Pic: this reminds me of the recent tragedy. Let’s pray for them. RIP…

praying
Does everything end when we die? Imagine a baby is about to born, he cries and thinks he will leave the world (womb) and that’s the end of it. Then he meets a new world outside the body of his mother. Is death the same thing? I mean a process that transform us into another life form and live in another new world? I don’t know.

Photos taken in Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia Borneo

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Gong of Sabah and Gong Making in Kg. Sumangkap

Rungus beating gong

Gong is the most important idiophone in traditional music of Sabah indigenous people and found throughout Sabah state. Gong is usually made of brass or bronze, it produces muffled sounds of a deep tone, when its thick and broad rim was hit by a stick. As the backbone of most music ensembles, gong is played in almost every social event in Sabah.

Kadazan Papar girls playing gong
Pic: Kadazan Papar girls playing gong in Harvest Festival

When Sabahans want to dance, they beat the gong. When they want to celebrate wedding, they beat the gong. When someone dies, they also beat the gong. Gong is also played in other occasions such as animistic religion ceremonies, festivals and welcoming guests.

Keep Calm and Beat a Gong
Gong is more than a musical instrument in old days that have no phone. Besides showing happiness and sadness, gong was also a communication tool to send signals to other villagers up to 5 miles away. The listeners can tell from the rhythm that if it’s a good or bad news. Slow rhythm means an invitation for having a drink. Fast rhythm indicates danger. When someone is dying the beats start slowly at first increase in speed and then on death resume a slow beat.

Rungus boys beating gong
Pic: Rungus boys beating gong in longhouse

In the past, gong is highly valued and owning gong is a sign of wealth. Villagers would exchange livestock for a gong and gong is one of the common items in brideprice. Gong is valued by its age and tone. People that time can recognise the unique sound from individual gong and even tell if a gong has flaw. Therefore, stealing of gong is rare, because owner (and other villagers) will locate his gong once the thief beats it.

Dusun Tindal people playing gong
Pic: Dusun Tindal people from Kota Belud playing gong

Murut playing gong
Pic: Murut playing gong to welcome guests

Gong is widely used by Kadazandusun, Murut and Bajau people in their traditional music. Each ethnic group has its own distinct musical forms such as the number of gong used, styles, tempos and tunings, and in combinations of other instruments such as drums to accentuate the main rhythms. A set of 5 to 12 gong is being played in most cases, sometimes it can go up to 36 gong.

Sulu Sandakan dancer on the gong
Pic: Sulu Sandakan dancing on the gong

Land Bajau playing gong
Pic: Use of gong in Betitik music of Bajau

VVIP beating gong to launch an event
Pic: Beating gong 1 or 7 times is a common way to launch an event by VVIP

gong on building of KDCA Penampang
Pic: gong as a symbol of Kadazandusun culture on building of KDCA Penampang

“If you can’t sing, you can beat a gong.” – John H. Alman

layout of gong
Pic: structure of gong ensemble of Murut Timugon community (Source: Jacquline Pugh-Kitingan)

There are many types of gongs, but in general gong can be divided into three main groups, namely, tawak, chanang, togung. Some gongs have interesting motif on it. Individual gong also has a name which denotes its sound or rhythm it plays. These musical names vary in different tribes.

Chanang Kimanis with two bosses
Pic: Chanang Kimanis gong, note it has two bosses

You may play the following video to listen to the sound of gong:

Kampung Sumangkap, the Gong Making Village

In Matunggong of Kudat district, you can see gong making process at gong factory of Kampung Sumangkap (Sumangkap Village). When I entered the village, I saw no “factory” but a typical Sabah village of over 60 wooden houses, with 30 or more gong workshop scattered near to them.

Kg. Sumangkap Gong Factory
Pic: entrance of Kg. Sumangkap Gong Factory

Btw, visitor is required to pay a small fee at the ticket booth near the entrance. The gong factory is open daily from 8:30am to 5:30pm (including public holiday). The following is the rate of Admission Fee (as of Jul 2014):
Adult (12 years and above): RM5.00 (≈US$1.60)
Children (6 to 12 years old): RM3.00 (≈US$1)
Children (below 6 years old): Free

biggest gong in Malaysia
Pic: trying to lift the Biggest Gong in Malaysia (or in the world?)

The highlight of this village is the Biggest Gong in Malaysia. This giant gong is 20 feet tall and weigh 980 Kilograms. Funded by Malaysia Handicraft, it took 5 weeks for 4 local gong craftsmen to make this gong from 20 pieces of 4’x8′ zincs.

big gongs in Sumangkap Village

tourist taking picture with gong
There are many other big gong displayed in the field for tourists to take photos with.

gong in Kg. Sumangkap
Sumangkap Gong Village was inspired and initiated by a well-known local Gong craftman named Mr. Majabab @ Majabab B. Omlunru in 1968.

gong workshop
Pic: Gong workshop next to village house

Visitors can walk freely in the village and visit individual gong workshop to see craftsman making gong. Probably I visited on weekend, so the village was quiet and only two families busy making gong.

Kampung Sumangkap and chicken

craftsman making gong
Before the visit, I thought I would see sweating gong-smith pounding iron next to a flaming stove, in a smokey and noisy environment. Instead, the gong makers use gas welder to melt and join pieces of galvanized iron sheets together, and occassionally using hammer to touch-up the outline of gong.

craftsman making gong in Kampung Sumangkap
Most villagers are Rungus, the indigenous people of Sabah. Rungus is skillful in all sorts of craftwork and their women are the best weaver and handicraft maker in Sabah. They are very friendly and totally don’t mind I busybody around while they work.

gong making
Pic: a woman making the boss and base of the gong

girl holding gong handicraft
Each gong workshop is a shop by itself. Besides watching gong making and buying gong, variety of smaller souvenirs in gong shape are available for sale on the spot. The smallest item is gong keychain that costs only a few bucks. You also can bargain with the seller.

gong on display
A complete set of gong can cost thousands of dollars. As gong is in good demand, Sabah also imports gong from the Philippines, Indonesia or Brunei.

gong
You also can order custom-made gong, in the size, motif / design and wording that you specify. How cool it is to use gong as an ornamental signage for your shop / house.

junction to Kg. Sumangkap Gong Factory
Sumangkap Gong Village is very accessible but very far, it’s about 140 KM north of Kota Kinabalu city (See location map). Just follow the highway to Kudat town, after 2.5 hours of driving you will see a brown signage reads “Gong Making Factory Kg. Sumangkap” and a big gong at your left in Matunggong area (see photo above). Turn to that junction and you will reach Sumangkap in minutes.

Matunggong Gong Festival

To have more fun with gong, you may visit the annual Gong Festival of Kg. Sumangkap. The upcoming one is from 24 to 25 Oct 2015 (subject to change).

Gong Festival of Matunggong, Kudat
Pic: Rungus people beating gong in Matunggong Gong Festival

Pesta Gong Sabah
As an opening, hundred of gong will be beaten by villagers and tourists, making it the noisiest festival of Sabah.

gong in different size
The gong beating is “fire at will” style. Just beat the gong non-stop until you make all the birds within 10 KM radius flee.

tourists beating gong
Pic: tourists have fun beating gong

After the launching, there are “Queen of Gong” beauty pageant and cultural performance line up for your enjoyment.

Posts related to Gong

Music of Gong Rock

A few children discovered strange rocks on riverbank when they were swimming at a river in Tambunan. When being hit, the rocks produce gong-like sound.
Batu Gong the music rock
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The Cursed Gong Rock

This mysterious rock laying deep in the forest and looks like a gong. Legend says it is from a cursed longhouse. It’ll bring flood when disturbed.
Gong Rock in the forest
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Reference

“If you can’t sing, you can beat a gong”, by John H. Alman, Sabah Society Journal September 1961

Photos taken in Sabah, Malaysia Borneo

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